Molybdenum is a metallic element, playing a useful role in our body. Its availability depends primarily on the presence of molybdenum in soil and having a diet with food products grown in the presence of nitrogen fixing bacteria. The benefits, damages and dietary requirements of molybdenum are still a matter under study, thus limiting our information on all functions of molybdenum, as a health vital.
Usage by body:
Molybdenum serves as an important cofactor in the functioning of various enzymes by facilitating the enzyme breakdown, thus helping in metabolism. Molybdenum has a vital role in sulfur absorption; in return, sulfur helps our body in detoxification and removing the contaminants from inside.
Molybdenum is also considered to be helpful in nervous system maintenance and in working of anti-oxidants.
Molybdenum deficiency is mainly observed in overall nutrient deficiency cases. Though full information is incomplete, but molybdenum deficiency is supposed to cause problems of metabolism, various cardiovascular problems, asthma, improper detoxification, and sulfite sensitivity.
Lack of molybdenum can lead to molybdenum cofactor deficiency, causing loss of sulfur utilization, resulting in neurological damages.
Being a race mineral with a lack of clarity on all functions of molybdenum, no daily dietary intake standard is set for it. Anything in the range of 40 to 45 µg is considered good for any male or female above 19 year age.
The upper tolerable are limits for men and women are around 2 mg and 1.7 mg respectively.
The availability of natural molybdenum in our food is based on two things: Presence of natural molybdenum and the nitrogen fixation bacteria’s in the soil. Based on it, we can get molybdenum from lentils, dried peas, dried beans, oats, barley, tomato, celery, cucumber, lettuce, eggs, carrot, yogurt, peanuts, walnuts, sesame seeds, and almonds.
Like most of the trace minerals, molybdenum uses are still to be identified for therapeutic uses. Also, molybdenum from industry or above upper tolerable limits is considered as a pollutant with toxicity. It can cause problems of the kidney, stunted growth fertility, anemia and bone loss (as observed in animals).
Yet to be conclusive, but some studies say that dosages above 1500 µg of molybdenum can interfere with the working of copper and cause loss of copper in the body.