Skeletal system along with skin system is the most visible system of our body. While many skin diseases can be covered by clothes, skeletal system diseases are difficult to cover because of the visible changes in the body structure, pain and other symptoms commonly associated with the skeletal system diseases. Major skeletal system diseases are:
Arthritis – With age the resilience of joint tissues against any wear and tear starts to degenerate. Arthritis is defined as the inflammation of a joint or joints causing pain and/or disability, swelling and stiffness. When changes occur in both joint soft tissues and the opposing bones, it is called as osteoarthritis. A more serious form of arthritis is the rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease wherein the body produces antibodies against joint tissues causing chronic inflammation resulting in severe joint damage, pain and immobility.
Osteoporosis – A disease, occurring especially in women following menopause, in which the bones become extremely porous and are subject to fracture. The hard, rock-like quality of bone is dependent upon calcium. When too much calcium is dissolved from bones or not enough replaced, bones lose density and are easily fractured. Estrogen, the female sex hormone, helps maintain proper calcium levels in bones. Once the ovaries stop producing the hormone, women are at higher risk of developing osteoporosis.
Osteomalacia – A softening of adult bones due to inadequate mineralization. Adequate calcium in the diet and vitamin D, primarily, from normal sunlight exposure or supplementation, are necessary for normal bone development.
Carpal tunnel syndrome – For people whose job involves repeated flexing of their wrist (typing, house painting) may develop tingling and/or pain in their thumb, index and middle fingers along with weakness of movements of the thumb, especially, grasping an object.
Tendonitis– Repeated strain on a tendon, attachment of a muscle to bone, can inflame the tendon resulting in pain and difficulty with movement involving the muscle called as tendonitis.
Rotator cuff tear – Tearing of the tendons of the muscles surrounding the shoulder joint. It is usually caused by the hard and fast movements of shoulder, like in sports.
Muscular dystrophy – Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited diseases in which the muscles that control movement progressively weaken. The prefix, dys-, means abnormal. The root, -trophy, refers to maintaining normal nourishment, structure and function.
For detailed information on various skeletal system diseases, their symptoms, causes and Panchamarit approach for the solutions kindly follow the links given below.