Reproduction system is the basis for continuity of life on earth. Only a healthy reproductive system with controlled population can lead to future generations. Diseases of reproductive system can be of two types:
- Diseases which have a limited influence to reproductive system organs, and
- Diseases which occur at genetic level during reproduction leading to less viable future generations.
In our discussion of current page we will restrict the information to first kind of diseases. The second kinds of diseases are discussed under the genetic information, scientific marriage and other related articles.
Major diseases of first kind are:
Hypospadias – A condition in which the external urinary meatus/opening opens anywhere below the tip of the penis rather than at the tip.
Hydrocele – It is the formation of watery fluid sacs around one or both of the testis leading to swelling of scrotum or groin area. Usually painless but in some cases discomfort can be noticed.
Varicocele – The condition in which the veins of testis are dilated and twisted. It manifests itself as a swelling on the side of the scrotum which may look and feel like a “bag of worms.” If not taken off at early stage, it can lead to many complications.
Cryptorchidism – The condition of hidden testicle i.e. lack of descent of one or both testes into the scrotum.
Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) – It is the swelling of the prostate gland which surrounds the base of the male bladder and urethra causing difficulty in urination, dribbling, and nocturia.
Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) – PSA is a marker protein for prostate cell secretions. Rising PSA levels inside our body can be an early sign of prostate cancer, although there may be other causes for the rise including false positive tests.
Endometriosis – The condition of abnormal growth of endometrial cells at a location outside the uterus. It can lead to colonization of the abdominal/pelvic cavity with islands of endometrial tissue.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) – As the female abdominal cavity has a direct anatomical path to the outside world via the female reproductive tract, bacteria’s can make their way up the vagina, through the uterus, and traverse the uterine tubes which open into the abdominal cavity leading to PID disease, e.g. Gonorrheal infection. Prolapsed uterus – The dropping of women uterus from the inside of pelvis to the vaginal canal is called as prolapsed uterus. It can be caused due to pregnancy, childbirth, during delivery or by weakening of the muscles holding it.
For detailed information on these and other reproductive system diseases, their symptoms, causes and Panchamarit approach based solutions kindly follow the links given below.