The muscle system has an important role to play in our life. Muscle system helps in performing functions like maintaining steady posture, making movements of the skeleton and generating body heat by cell metabolism. Like other systems our muscle system can also get diseased, thus reducing its ability to perform certain actions. Major muscular system diseases are:
Muscular Dystrophy: A genetic disorder, in which a group of muscle diseases causes damage to muscle fibers. Some common diseases under this category are Duchenne, Myotonia, Becker and Oculopharyngeal.
Cerebral Palsy: A common congenital disorder that affects our posture, balance and motor functions. It makes it difficult to perform certain physical tasks, which could have been performed easily in healthy condition.
Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva: A disease in which, soft tissue hardens and becomes bone-like permanently. Bone grows between the joints and the movements may get permanently restricted.
Dermatomyositis: A disease in which an inflammatory myopathy affects the skin and muscle. It is an autoimmune disease harming the connective tissue and weakening the muscles.
Compartment Syndrome: Cutting off of the oxygen supply because of the blood vessels, muscles and nerves getting compressed in a closed area. The result is tissue death which can even lead to paralysis.
Myasthenia Gravis: An autoimmune disease, in which there is muscle weakness and fatigue caused by the breakdown of neuromuscular junction. In this our brain does not have the control over these muscles. Some common causes by it are drooping eyelids, difficulty in breathing or swallowing and loss of facial muscle control.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS): A serious neurodegenerative disease in which the neurons get destroyed. Due to this there is loss of control on voluntary muscles. It is also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease.
Mitochondrial Myopathies: Mitochondria is the powerhouse of cells. But in mitochondrial myopathies condition, the mitochondria get damaged. It can lead to weakness of muscles, deafness, blindness, arrhythmia and heart failure.
Polymyositis: Polymyositis is a degenerative disease with inflammatory nature. It affects the systemic connective tissue causing weakness and muscle atrophy.
Fibromyalgia: Fibromyalgia is a chronic and debilitating genetic muscle disorder causing pain, fatigue, tenderness and stiffness of muscles.
For detailed information about various muscle system diseases, their symptoms, causes and Panchamarit approach based solutions, kindly follow the links given below.