Endocrine system is made up of eight major glands producing various hormones. A hormone disorder primarily occurs by two main reasons:
- If the production of either of these hormones is too high or too low, you are likely to have a hormone disorder.
- When hormone production is normal but your body does not respond to hormones as effectively as it is supposed to.
Based on it we have different types of endocrine disorders such as:
Diabetes: It is a nutritional disorder, characterized by an abnormally elevated level of blood glucose and by the excretion of the excess glucose in the urine. It results from an absolute or relative lack of insulin which leads to abnormalities in carbohydrate metabolism as well as in the metabolism of protein and fat.
Adrenal insufficiency: If adrenal gland releases too little of the cortisol or aldosterone hormone, adrenal insufficiency is said to occur. Addison's disease is a type of adrenal insufficiency.
Cushing's disease: Hyperadrenocorticism or hypercorticism, caused by excessive levels of cortisol in blood.
Growth hormone problems: If the pituitary gland produces too much or too little growth hormone, a person can suffer from Gigantism (acromegaly) or Dwarfism. Acromegaly disease is marked by enlargement of the bones of the extremities, face and jaw caused by over active pituitary gland. If pituitary gland is less active then the growth of children can also stop leading to dwarfism.
Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism: Too much or too little production of thyroid hormone leads to hyperthyroidism (high production) or hypothyroidism (less production). These diseases lead to many other diseases inside our body.
Hypopituitarism: Condition in which pituitary gland releases little or no hormones. It can be caused by a number of different diseases. If a woman suffers with this condition, she may stop getting her periods.
Multiple endocrine neoplasia I and II (MEN I and MEN II): A rare genetic disorder which is passed upon to generations. This disease leads to causing tumors of the parathyroid, adrenal, and thyroid glands, leading to overproduction of hormones.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): A leading infertility causing disease of women caused due to overproduction of androgens, which interfere with the development of eggs and their release from the female ovaries.
For detailed information about various endocrine disorders, their symptoms, causes and Panchamarit approach based solutions, kindly follow the links given below.