PURPOSE/FUNCTION:
It serves the important purpose of production, storage and removal of urine, by filtering blood and water wastes. The filtration happens in kidneys and the waste is passed on to bladder through ureters and ultimately from bladder it is eliminated through urethra.

urinary  system

IMAGE Source:OpenStax College. Anatomy & Physiology, Connexions

Web site. http://cnx.org/content/col11496/1.6/, Jun 19, 2013

MAJOR COMPONENTS:
- KIDNEYS: Kidney is a pair of organs that are located in the rear of our abdominal cavity. The kidneys regulate fluid balance in the body and filter out wastes from the blood in the form of urine. The functional unit of the kidney is the nephron. Wastes filtered from the blood by the nephrons drain into the ureters, muscular tubes that connect each kidney to the bladder.
- URETERS: The two long, narrow ducts that carries urine from each kidney to the urinary bladder
- BLADDER: A sac-shaped muscular organ that stores the urine secreted by the kidneys.
- URETHRA: The canal through which urine is discharged from the bladder.

MAJOR DISEASES:
- PROSTATITIS
- KIDNEY STONES
- BLADDER CANCER
- BLADDER PAINS
- INFECTION, BLOCAKGE OR INJURIES TO BLADDER

 

 

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