It is made up of a network of nerves and specialized cells called neurons that transmit signals between different part of the bodies and control body movement, consciousness, intelligence, memory, and other automatic/involuntary (blood pressure level, breathing etc) and somatic/voluntary parts like senses.
IMAGE Source:OpenStax College. Anatomy & Physiology, Connexions
Web site. http://cnx.org/content/col11496/1.6/, Jun 19, 2013.
COMPONENTS: It is divided into two major parts as:
1. CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM:
2. PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM: The part of the nervous system which lies outside of the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system). It includes the nerves that extend to the limbs and many sense organs.
- PARKINSON’S DISEASE
- ALZHEIMER DISEASE
- MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
- HUNTINGTON’S DISEASE
- AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS (ALS)
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