ENDOCRINE ORGAN SYSTEM
Endocrine system is the control centre of our body. It is made up of eight major glands located across body. These glands make hormones. These hormones act as a messenger and control the functioning/processes of various body organs. These hormones travel through the bloodstream to various tissues/organs. Major factors controlled by endocrine system are:
- Growth and development
- Metabolism - digestion, elimination, breathing, blood circulation and maintaining body temperature
- Sexual reproduction
- Sleep and mood
- Tissue functioning
IMAGE Source:OpenStax College. Anatomy & Physiology, Connexions
Web site. http://cnx.org/content/col11496/1.6/, Jun 19, 2013
- PITUITARY GLAND: A small, oval endocrine gland attached to the base of the vertebrate brain and consisting of an anterior and a posterior lobe, the secretions of which control the other endocrine glands and influence growth, metabolism, and maturation.
- THYROID GLAND:
- PARATHYROID GLAND: . It
- ADRENAL GLAND: Either of two small, dissimilar shaped endocrine glands, one located above each kidney, consisting of the cortex, which secretes several steroid hormones, and the medulla, which secretes epinephrine.
- OVARIES AND TESTICLES: Ovaries are one of the paired female reproductive organs that produce ova and certain sex hormones, including estrogen. s
Diseases caused because of high secretion, low secretion of hormones or inability of body to use them. Some of them are:
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.